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historic parks and gardens of Wales
historic parks and gardens of England

Conservation and restoration of historic gardens (uk)


Historic gardens are the beautiful parks that stand proudly as a proud survivor of the test of time. They have seen things that date back to centuries ago like our culture, ancient architectures, wars, revolutions and development. But they are also subject to the wear and tear that comes with time and lose their structural integrity. People have taken measures to overcome their degradation and bring them back to life. For the conservation and restoration of these heritage gardens various advice notes are made.

Squirrel Policy for English Heritage Properties:

    Here two types of squirrels are primarily considered:
  • Grey Squirrels:
    These are available in plenty and damage the trees and gardens of the park.
  • Red Squirrels:
    These are the endangered shy creatures that pose no threat to our historic heritages.
  • The squirrel policy states that:
    1) Minimize damage to trees, plants and other wildlife.
    2) Prevent both deliberate and inadvertent feeding of squirrels.

Badgers on Historic Sites:

Badgers are protected species and they are rarely seen in the wild. A clan of badgers can cause considerable damage to the gardens. If a clan is causing too much damage then Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs(DEFRA) can issue license accordingly.


Canada Geese:

Canada Geese are the wild bird species protected under the act Section 1 of the Wildlife & Countryside Act, 1981. They regularly use the ponds and lakes of the historic gardens for breeding and feeding. They cause a lot of vegetation and physical damage. The Canada Geese policy states that:

  1. Excluding them from the islands by discouraging them. This could be done by fencing the perimeter.
  2. Redirecting them from the sensitive grazing areas.
  3. Reducing the visibility of water bodies to discourage grazing.
  4. Oiling the eggs to prevent them from hatching by killing the embryos. This requires appropriate license.
  5. Under emergency conditions, culling could be licensed under strict constraints.

Horse Chestnut Bleeding Canker:

Bleeding canker is a neither controllable or curable as of now. This disease is fatal for the plants. One defense layer is to remove the infected plants from the surroundings. They generally occur to the plants in proximity to sudden oak death. Special care and vigilance must be kept on those plants. Advice must be sought from the Food and Environment Research Agency.

Problem Weeds:

Japanese Knot weed and Bracken are the problem weeds here. There are various drugs that check their growth like Broadsword, Roundup, Tordon 22K and Asulox. However, they just minimize the spread. Total control is not practically possible.

Sudden Oak Death (Ramorum Dieback):

Phytophtora ramorum is a fungus that infects and kills the oak trees. That’s why it is also called Ramorum dieback. Food and Environment Research Agency(FERA) and Plant Health and Seeds Inspector(PHSI) should be called for regular inspection. If an infection is found then anti-fungal must be used. Though the eradication is not possible, suppressing is still feasible. Nearby smaller plants must also be kept under vigilance to check bleeding canker.

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